Tag Archives: Scott M. Manetsch

Reformation Commentary on Scripture NT Vol. VIII: Romans 9-16

Reformation Commentary on Scripture New Testament Vol. VIII: Romans 9-16. Edited by Philip D.W. Krey and Peter D.S. Krey. General Editor, Timothy George, Associate General Editor, Scott M. Manetsch. Downer’s Grove: IVP Academic, 2016. 384 pp. $50.00. Purchase at Westminster for less. You can purchase for Kindle.

Introduction/Summary

I have been blessed to review a number of these extraordinary commentaries. You can read those reviews here.

From the back of the book:

Writing to the early Christians in Rome, the apostle Paul said, “Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, that by testing you may discern what is the will of God, what is good and acceptable and perfect” (Rom 12:2 ESV).

Perhaps more than any other New Testament epistle, Paul’s letter to the Romans has been the focus of Christian reflection throughout the church’s history, transforming the minds and convicting the hearts of believers. Sixteenth-century reformer Martin Luther reflected the church’s longstanding emphasis on this portion of the canon: “Let the Epistle to the Romans be the door and the key to holy Scripture for you; otherwise you will never enter into a proper understanding and comprehension of the Bible.”

In this volume of the Reformation Commentary on Scripture, Philip Krey and Peter Krey guide readers with care through a diversity of Reformation-era commentary on the second half of Paul’s letter to the Roman church. Among the difficult issues addressed by Paul and commented on by early modern exegetes were the predestination of God’s elect, the destiny of Israel, the role of Gentiles in salvation history, the ethical demands of the Christian life, and the Christian’s relationship to the state.

Here, readers will encounter familiar voices and discover lesser-known figures from a variety of theological traditions, including Lutherans, Reformed, Radicals, Anglicans, and Roman Catholics. The volume draws on a variety of resources, including commentaries, sermons, treatises, and confessions, much of which appears here for the first time in English. Gathering together these Reformation-era reflections, it provides resources for contemporary preachers, enables scholars to better understand the depth and breadth of Reformation biblical commentary and aids the ongoing transformation of the minds—and lives—of people today.

As with most commentaries, this volume looks at each pericope of Scripture found in Romans chapters 9-16. This particular series allows the Reformers to give us their thoughts on the various passages.

Review

Romans 9. What fun can be had in Romans 9. What debates many Christians have today because of Romans 9. Twenty percent of the actual text of the commentary found in this book is devoted to Romans 9 while the remaining eighty percent looks at the final seven chapters! In other words, the Krey’s ably show that the debate on Romans 9 is not new nor will it be decided this side of eternity. In the end, while we must strive to understand how we understand this most important chapter in all of Scripture, we must do so with all humility.

The Krey’s show how vehement the arguments were, but also where charity was granted. There is much to be learned in this historical commentary, but to be able to say that one view over another is more right because more people held to it at an important time in church history is nonsense.

I appreciate their willingness to include the views of non-protestants like the Spanish Catholic theologian Domingo de Soto. Of great value to the modern reader is the brief 40-page biographical sketches offered at the end of the book that will explain to us who the likes of Domingo de Soto is.

Recommendation

While the value of this series is the historical perspective offered at the time of the Reformation, the value of this particular volume is to instruct today’s Christians and theologians in the right and wrong ways to disagree. We must understand that none of us have it truly figured out on the secondary and tertiary issues of the faith. What better place to begin understanding this than by looking at those theological giants from the Reformation and see how they often times agreed to disagree.

Reformation Commentary on Scripture III Luke Edited by Beth Kreitzer

LukeReformation Commentary on Scripture New Testament III – Luke. Edited by Beth Kreitzer. General Editor, Timothy George, Associate General Editor, Scott M. Manetsch. Downer’s Grove: IVP Academic, 2015. 629 pp. $50.00. Purchase at Westminster books for less or on Kindle.

Introduction

Dr. Kreitzer is the director of the program in Liberal Studies at Belmont Abbey College in North Carolina. This commentary series is a 28-volume commentary “bringing the insights of the Reformation to the contemporary church.” I have reviewed two previous volumes in this series. Those reviews can be found here.

Summary

Obviously, this is a commentary on the Gospel of Luke. Therefore, the reader would treat it as a resource rather than reading it straight through. That being stated, as the student of the Bible proceeds through the text, a short, few word synopsis of how a particular Reformer understood the biblical text is to be found. For example, in Luke 3:15-18, you have the heading “John is not the Coming Messiah” followed by “John’s Sacrament Does Not Give the Spirit” in small caps followed by the name Huldrych Zwingli.

After reading Zwingli’s commentary on the passage, you would read Easumus’ take in that “John acknowledges that his baptism cannot convey the Spirit Without Christ.” Next, you would read Calvin’s thoughts under the heading “Christ Wields the Winnowing Fork of the Gospel.”

As can be seen, this work is full of snippet of information on how the text was understood at an important time in the history of the church.

Review

Given the recent plethora of digital writings from the Reformation, this commentary helps to bring together major streams of thoughts concerning the interpretation and application of Scripture both then and now.

Also, the biographical sketches of the men and their works at the end of this volume is extremely invaluable for the modern reader. What sets this commentary apart from others is that it offers a wide swath of views. We quickly see how the Reformers agreed on the essentials of the Christian faith yet often disagreed on the non-essentials. This is an important lesson for us to learn today as many want to elevate the non-essentials to essentials.

Another element to this commentary that is extremely helpful is the overview of the general thought of the Reformers concerning the larger sections. This helps the reader trace the thinking of the forest so to speak to better understand the individual trees.

I was a bit surprised at how relatively small this commentary was compared to those of say Darrell Bock and Philip Ryken, which like many others, are multiple volume commentaries on Luke. Regardless, there is plenty of information included that will be an aid to the student.

Recommendation

If you are a Protestant and a serious student of the Bible, I highly recommend this series of commentaries. Luke is one of the richest gospels, especially concerning detailed accounts of the life of Christ. Beth Kreitzer has greatly aided modern evangelicalism’s understanding of this gospel with her work on bringing together the thoughts of the Reformers.